Why Open Standards Matter

Karen McCabe, Senior Director, Technology Policy and International Affairs, IEEE Standards Association

OpenStand—encapsulating a time-tested and common set of values that have been successfully utilized in global, open standards development for decades—celebrated its two-year anniversary in August 2014. The global, open development community was surveyed on open-stand.org how open standards have changed the world over the last 25 years. Among the responses:

“In technology development, open standards are the fundamental pillars for the worldwide economic growth and progression in all sectors of the economy.”

“Well, *without* open standards, the Internet as a whole would definitely have collapsed under the tremendous entropy created by the expansion of applications, network device roles, and different implementations. It is just amazing, given the end-to-end complexity, that it works so well, and that is due largely to the open standards. The whole process of developing and maintaining open standards has also helped to maintain the infrastructure and atmosphere for continued collaboration and cooperation between major technology and infrastructure providers over the years, as the Internet itself has increasingly become a venue for intense commercial competition.”

256x256-blue1The globally open standards approach that the OpenStand principles document has demonstrated agility, as witnessed in the development and deployment of Internet standards such as those developed by W3C, IETF and IEEE. The approach is driven by technical merit and harnesses global creativity and expertise through bottom-up collaboration, and it has a proven history of fueling the advancement of cutting-edge technology and empowering the rapid economic implementation of high-value, high-demand products and services with societal benefits. It drives technical innovation via processes that ensure direct, open participation—processes that are constructed to embrace different perspectives and interests in pursuing common goals. It produces standards developed without borders to ensure a better future for all.

Since the launch of the OpenStand movement, the goal has been to mobilize ongoing, global support for the application of open, market-driven principles in technology and standards development. Such principles are of paramount value in the policy discussions on Internet governance practices, and on a broader scale in addressing challenges and opportunities we face today related to rapid technological expansion and growth. Applying these principles will play an essential role in securing the future of open, inclusive, market-driven innovation as the world seeks to solve modern collaboration, standardization, security and privacy challenges in critical infrastructure.

As discussions continue in Internet-governance and at technology and policy intersection points, it is important to reinforce OpenStand precepts which should ground those discussions, including.

Direct participation—There should be no intermediaries between a good idea and the peer group that decides the start of a policy. Everybody, from anywhere, should be able to submit a proposal.

Due process—All participants should be provided a level playing field with equitable rules of engagement and opportunity for participation.

Broad consensus—Decisions should be made by either a majority or supermajority of participants, and no single person or entity should be able to wield undue power in the definition of policy.

Process transparency—Participants must be able to understand the rules of engagement, and appropriate audit trails should be in place.

Universal openness—All potential stakeholders globally should be provided with the opportunity to attend meetings, submit comments and engage in other ways.

The OpenStand principles and its precepts will help secure a future of open, market-driven innovation and unbounded growth around the Internet and beyond for generations to come.

Please visit OpenStand to access resources; videos, Infographics, Whitepapers, and to sign up in show of support for Open Standards. To get involved with developing and maintaining open standards please visit IAB, W3C, IETF, ISOC, and IEEE.

Tomorrow’s Wearables: Stylish Clothing That Doubles As Your Personal Advisor For…Well, Everything

Shuang Yu, Senior Manager, Solutions Marketing, IEEE Standards Association

In the 15th century, Italian Renaissance polymath Leonardo da Vinci revealed yet another of his many brilliant concepts: a wearable mechanical device that could be used to measure the physical distance Roman soldiers traveled daily by foot. And with da Vinci’s remarkable vision, the world’s first pedometer was born.

Woman in Black waving Dress with binary and  ButterfliesFast-forward to 2014, dubbed “The Year of Wearable Technology”. From fitness trackers like FitBit and JawBone’s UP, to jewelry that lets you make music with the wave of a hand and smart socks that monitor the movements of Alzheimer’s sufferers, it’s amazing to see the diverse array of inventions the humble pedometer has spawned. And that the world of wearables has become fertile ground for innovative yet fashionable technologies with the promise to enhance our lives has never been so clear as it was at New York Fashion Week 2014.

Intelligent devices now make it possible to capture vast quantities of data about almost every facet of our daily lives – how we sleep, what we eat, when we exercise, and more. This wealth of data helps create a greater awareness of us, allowing personalized recommendations for improving our overall health, safety, and quality of life.

Nowhere is this trend more pronounced than in sports, health and wellness, and fitness. Accenture’s recent 2014 State of the Internet of Things study hailed health and fitness-oriented devices as a key driver in consumer adoption of wearables, citing an expected adoption rate of 43 percent within the next five years.

For example, Adidas has been working with AC Milan on a new system to track on-field data in real time. With sensors woven into base layer garments, coaches, trainers, and players can monitor key vital statistics – information that can then be leveraged to enhance overall performance. Ralph Lauren also recently announced that its own smart shirt would make its debut at the 2014 U.S. Open tennis championship. A sleekly designed compression shirt, the Polo Tech uses an accelerometer and gyroscope, along with other embedded sensors, to collect, store, and transmit biometric and psychometric data. Wearers can then analyze and use those results to up their game.

Beyond helping athletes to perform better, this year has also seen numerous new products designed to elevate people’s health and well-being. We now have contact lenses that use tiny sensors and a radio antenna thinner than a human hair to track glucose levels in diabetics. And then there’s the Mi Band fitness monitor and sleep tracker that also doubles as a security token for smartphones.

There’s an added benefit for these devices, too: by providing data that clearly illustrates real-world impacts of our day-to-day actions and choices, they make life easier for those whose job it is to coach, train, and heal us. In a recent Athletic Business Magazine interview, trainer Melissa DiLeonardo pointed to wearables as a “welcome asset” to her work, saying:

“Whether or not a wearable device is 100 percent accurate is moot. When people use a wearable, activity levels increase. It’s drawing attention to daily activity and giving them a little nudge. I can tell someone something over and over again, but until they see it or experience it personally, they might not make that change. When I’ve had clients begin wearing an activity tracker, the numbers start to make a lot more sense to them and drive them to be more motivated.”

As an ordinary consumer, I often feel like we need to have a professional or an expert on call (or become one ourselves) just to be able to meaningfully interpret the tidal wave of data being collected via wearables. I’m guessing that other average Joe’s out there neither know what to do with nor care about all of the diverse kinds of data that’s being sucked in by these devices. In fact, given the sheer volume of bits and bytes generated in today’s hyperconnected world, it might end up being a case of information overload.

As an end user, the last thing I need is for my devices to do a raw data dump and then leave me in the dark about how to interpret all of that information. How do I draw actionable conclusions from knowing how many steps I took in an hour? Since I’m not a health and fitness professional, I need my wearables to do the analysis for me. What would truly be valuable is if my wearables could give me personalized recommendations and suggestions – “put down that burger and run two more miles today instead” – based on the data being captured.

Oh, and if it’s not too much to ask? I’d like my wearables to be stylish, too. I want my devices and smart clothes to make me look good and coordinate with my wardrobe.

What if my favorite little black dress could also act as a personal nutritionist? A gown alerting me that if I eat another two scoops of ice cream, next week it’ll be too tight for me to wear is far more valuable than one that merely tells me two scoops of ice cream equals 500 calories. Or how about if my cute golf skort identifies that my hip rotation is the reason I have a push shot, then remedies that rotation – and my swing – by applying pressure to certain spots on my body, thereby guiding me correctly through the motion? Having a digital golf coach that provides personalized recommendations is much more helpful than just displaying what my club speed is.

Moreover, what if those glucose-monitoring contact lenses could work collaboratively with my pretty but comfortable activity-tracking maternity tee to determine whether I’m developing gestational diabetes? These two items together could then work symbiotically to deliver actionable intelligence and recommendations. For example, they could provide me with a daily menu based on my tastes, blood sugar levels, and food intake, as well as build a suggested workout tailored to my current physical condition and due date. What mother-to-be wouldn’t prefer having her life made easier by wearables that work cooperatively, than a collection of devices unable to talk to one another and providing only a list of raw statistics?

Wearables that produce encyclopedic volumes of facts, figures, and statistics but not consumable insights and solutions only aggravate the sensory overload we suffer due to the deluge of emails, messages, tweets, updates, posts, pins, Likes, and more, that we deal with on a daily basis. If however, a device provides everyday consumers like me with information that I can use to improve and simplify my life – and make me look chic while doing it – it will instantly win my heart and mind as a consumer…not to mention my wallet.

I’m very excited about the potential and opportunities that tomorrow’s world of wearables holds, including devices that can not only communicate with one another but can proactively deliver synergistic solutions that improve our lives. That’s a pretty tall order. One way to facilitate this future is through technology standardization. By uniting around common, industry-accepted standards, developers can better address interoperability challenges. That’s where IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA), a global leading standards development organization that I work for, can help.

All of this might sound a bit lazy or like it could take all the fun out of learning new things. However, for the general public, it’s data-based solutions that matter, not the data itself. I don’t need to know every mechanical intricacy of how an engine operates in order to drive my car; rather, I just want that happy feeling I get from tooling around town in my vehicle (especially true if I get to drive one of those cool connected cars).

The process of developing wearables that provide a balance of utility and fashion with consumable insights is still in a nascent stage, but already there’s a new wave of enticing, innovative, and intriguing products coming into play. There’s trendy nail polish that can help you quit smoking, a chic bangle that suggests just the right amount of SPF skin lotion based on current UV levels, or my personal favorite, the chic Ringly smart ring that sends alerts from my smartphone right to my finger so I don’t miss any important messages while out on the town. And then there’s the Apple Watch, which combines health monitoring, home controls, and mobile payments functions into one.

As the year 2020 draws nearer, the size of meaningful computational devices will approach zero, giving us the ability to turn nearly anything into a computer. As processor, sensor, and even modem sizes continue to shrink, I believe we’ll see products that successfully combine fashion and function – as well as serving as a doctor, coach, nutritionist, and more – coming to life.

As Intel futurist Brian David Johnson put it when asked about the tech’s impact on fashion, “When it comes to self-expression, your guess is as good as mine. Humans love to express ourselves, and, when we have the ability to wear a computer, I can only imagine what we will do with it!”

How do you see the technology and fashion interact with each other moving forward? Send me an email, or leave a comment below.

For other articles related to technology and fashion, please visit http://standardsinsight.com/category/tech_fashion

When Will Augmented Reality Reach the Tipping Point?

By Konstantinos Karachalios, Managing Director, IEEE Standards Association

Proprietary products deliver competitive differentiation in early stages of technology development. But there comes a point when open, standards-based solutions are necessary to establish the technological foundation on which more innovators can participate at lower cost, toward the goal of growing a richer and more robust market. Communications, computers, energy and healthcare are among the many, many technology areas that have all demonstrated this pattern.

So, where is augmented reality in relation to its inevitable tipping point?

The 11th Augmented Reality (AR) Community Meeting, 12-13 September 2014 at Metaio GmbH in Munich, will provide insights on the status with respect to the maturity of the technological foundations for AR. Among the goals for the front-line AR customers, developers and tools providers who participate in this meeting will be to learn about the open standards, specifications and application programming interfaces (APIs) under development around the world today.

Anecdotally, we can observe that AR is beginning to penetrate everyday experiences. The next generation of mobile and wearable devices will integrate sensors; by combining these and complementary services, valuable information in AR view will appear directly with our environments, so that it will be part of how we interact with the world. Many emerging and existing technologies will be involved in bringing about this mind-blowing AR future, and the standards process offers a path for realizing AR’s full potential. Ultimately, development and adoption of open standards for AR stand to foster innovation and market growth through economies of scale and wider interoperability.

The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is leading campaigns and projects to advance open and interoperable AR. It makes sense, given the scope of IEEE expertise across technology areas that contribute to AR and the proven track record of IEEE for serving as a facilitator and catalyst in widely adopted technologies, such as networking communications and the smart grid.

The IEEE-SA offers a platform for developers and users to innovate for open and interoperable AR. For example, the IEEE-SA’s standards-development process is based on broad global participation and consensus—in alignment with the “OpenStand” principles for global, open, market-driven standards. And, indeed, a wide variety of IEEE standards and projects relevant to AR already exists today.

To facilitate participation from emerging AR domains, the IEEE is also exploring establishment of new study groups, projects or standards based on requirements of all segments of the AR ecosystem. To that end, an IEEE-SA Industry Connections activity has been launched to, in part, identify needs for new standards and best practices in the AR technology space.

Furthermore, the IEEE-SA proactively engages with other leaders around the world to encourage global AR market growth. For example, in June 2014, the IEEE-SA collaborated with PEREY Research & Consulting on outreach in southwest Germany to establish and/or strengthen the IEEE-SA’s relationships with leading-edge AR developers and users, as well as to inform them about our organization’s activities in AR. This area is home to the world’s highest concentration of research institutes, universities and companies that build core technology enablers for AR and/or integrate and use AR for enterprise applications.

During our meetings with chief executive officers (CEOs), product and manufacturing managers, faculty and the executive director of a non-profit association dedicated to the advancement of virtual reality and AR, it became increasingly clear that component interoperability is a distant goal. This makes standards critical to the ongoing growth in this space, a point that will be explored further in this week’s AR Community Meeting.

The tipping point at which the open, standards-based approach takes the fore in the burgeoning AR space is inevitably on its way, and, beyond it, the possibilities for the industry are boundless.

National Electrical Safety Code Timeline

Today, the National Electrical Safety Code® (NESC®) celebrates 100 years in print. One of the most widely adopted safety codes and produced exclusively by IEEE, the NESC provides best practices for safety of electric supply and communication utility systems to both public and private utilities.

Every five years the NESC goes through a rigorous review process to keep the code up-to-date and useful for the protection of the public, electrical professionals, equipment and property. Below is a list of important dates for the review process:

1 August 2014: IEEE commemorates 100th year of the NESC.

1 September 2014: Preprint of the change proposals for incorporation into the 2017 Edition of the NESC published for distribution to the NESC Committee and other interested parties. This opens the public comment period, by interested parties, on the submitted change proposals and the subcommittee recommendations.

1 May 2015: The final date to submit comments on the submitted change proposal and the subcommittee recommendations. All comments and recommendations on these proposals are due to the Secretary, NESC Committee.

September-October 2015: Period for the NESC Subcommittee Working Groups and the NESC Subcommittees to reconsider all recommendations concerning the proposed amendments and prepare final report.

15 January 2016: Proposed revision of the NESC, Accredited Standards Committee C2, submitted to the NESC Committee for letter ballot and to ANSI for concurrent public review.

15 May 2016: NESC Committee approved revisions of the NESC submitted to ANSI for recognition as an ANSI standard.

1 August 2016: Publication of the 2017 Edition of the NESC.

To ensure the NESC aids in another 100 years of keeping utilities safe and efficient, the NESC Committee and IEEE-SA invites all interested parties to participate in the review and public comment process. For more information, please visit the NESC webpage.


Fashion Forward: Where Style and Technology Meet

Shuang Yu, Senior Manager, Solutions Marketing, IEEE Standards Association

Would you wear a dress capable of changing color with your mood? Or carry a clutch that doubles as a speaker? What about a bracelet that measures sun exposure and provides personalized recommendations to protect your skin? Would you use a basketball that critiques your performance and offers customized coaching based on performance? Or rock a drum solo on a pair of pants that serves as a drum kit?

Sounds like science fiction, right?

What if I tell you that I’ve seen all of these and more with my own eyes at the recent Augmented World Expo (AWE) 2014 Wearable Fashion Show at Santa Clara, California? Yes, these futuristic clothes and accessories are coming to our daily lives.

As someone who is fashion-conscious and works in a technology organization, I’m intrigued by the possibilities of utilizing the latest technologies in the future of clothing design. This AWE showcase, highlighting the successful fusion of the two, made me rethink the traditional concepts of fashion and clothing: with technology advancement, will clothing continue to serve in its present role of protection and personal style? Or will it become something more?

With sensors and wearable technologies, each of us can collect data about ourselves: how we sleep, what we eat, when we exercise. All the information collected creates better awareness about us, allowing personalized recommendations to be made. This marriage of fashion and technology will help improve our overall quality of life – for example, a golfer might be able to correct his swing with data captured by a device embedded in his golf shirt, which monitors and analyzes physical movement.

As technology continues to evolve, clothing is becoming increasingly interactive and changing the way we communicate with the world. Did you know there is a Facebook jacket that gives a person a “hug” when someone likes his/her online status? Or how about this Twitter dress that displays tweets in real-time on its surface? What about the outfit that Lady Gaga wore at the 2013 iTunes festival where blowing-bubbles came out of her dress? In the near future, we may see Hunger Games-style digital couture: we may be able to change our appearance with the press of a button whenever and wherever we feel like it. It will take self-expression to a whole other level.

What began to dawn on me at AWE was that there’s a new world in the forming, a digital world that is based on the vast amounts of data we generate and collect. This brave new digital world will be an extension of our physical world. In the near future, we could enter the era of the “connected person”, where individuals connect and interact with both worlds constantly. Our clothes, accessories, and even our own bodies eventually, may become a primary interface through which we access information, communicate, and connect to the universe.

For example, we may see nail polish changing color to reflect one’s sugar level, or flashing to alert you when there’s a phone call coming in. Or we might see clothing able to assist in emergency situations. – Imagine the power goes out at your house, taking the lights with it. What if your clothing was designed to be light sensitive, allowing it to detect and react to this change in your environment? Your outfit could emit a glow allowing you to move around safely, provide real-time status alerts (is this a block-wide issue? Is it only your house?), and place a call to the power company automatically?

Technologies are transforming the traditional definition of clothing: it is moving from just style and functionality to improving the way we as humans interact and communicate with the world. I look forward to watching this space carefully, as the worlds of fashion and technology grow closer and closer.

How do you see the technology and fashion interact with each other moving forward? Send me an email, or leave a comment below.

IEEE and DIGITALEUROPE lead efforts to keep EU MSP’s momentum

On 21 May IEEE-SA held a joint event in Brussels with DIGITALEUROPE – the European trade association representing the digital technology industry – to take stock of the work done by the Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) on ICT Standardisation since its creation in late 2011. The event was attended by around 50 participants including representatives from the European Commission, national competent authorities as well as from the ICT industry. IEEE was represented by David Law and Karine Iffour.

Created during the standardisation review process that resulted in EU Regulation 1025/2012 on European standardisation, the MSP has played a key role in ensuring that innovation is based on voluntary, global and consensus-based standards and in avoiding duplication of standards where these already exist, hence speeding up market uptake of new technology solutions. As an active member of the platform, IEEE has been an important voice advising the European Commission on ICT standardisation policy and on identifying standards for referencing in public procurement.

As member of the speakers’ panel, David Law highlighted the key role of standards in driving innovation and ensuring interoperability. Law’s views were shared by many of the participants, such as W3C, who advocated for more standardisation and more cooperation in the ICT sector, pointing out that those two elements could lead to better responses to the challenges that internet poses. In particular, W3C made reference to the importance of the OpenStand Principles, namely cooperation, transparency, broad consensus, availability, empowerment and voluntary adoption, in shaping a global community for open innovation.

The event was also an opportunity for MSP members to share their experience in contributing to the platform’s work since its launch and convey their views on what their future priorities should be.

Michel Catinat, Head of Unit, DG Enterprise and Industry and MSP co-chair, concluded the meeting by acknowledging the success of the MSP over the past 2 years. He called for additional actions in order to maximize the impact of the Rolling Plan and to speed up the process of identifying specifications.

Learn more about the IEEE-SA Global Cooperation

The ‘Connected Person’ Brings e-Health to Life

By Alpesh Shah and Bill Ash

The origin of humanity is akin to that of technology: It is what we are willing to accept as truth. No matter what we choose to believe of either’s origins, what becomes evident—as the years pass and we start to look to the future—is that humanity and technology begin to intersect and converge in very meaningful ways … ways that can change the game when it comes to addressing our shared millennial grand challenges such as ensuring access to clean water, harnessing efficient energy and managing resources and population growth …. ways that allow us to collaborate in nanoseconds with the power of a thought … ways that allow diseases to be aggressively attacked to save lives … and much, much more.

How is this possible? What will it take? How will we get there? How do we get started? The answers to all of these questions boil down to one fundamental answer that we then build upon: the “connected person.”

Who or what is the connected person?
Many of us already think of our cell phones and other mobile devices as a natural extension of our bodies, and, as such, we are always connected. This is certainly one way to conjure the concept of the connected person—a world in which the person, environment and technology work together simultaneously.

Let’s take another step forward in the concept with a complementary view—that we ourselves are technology. No other technology comes close to compare to the complexity of a person. For example, the human body with its detailed elements represents interoperability in the truest of fashions. Think about it. Each cell has a set of receptors meant to trigger specific actions based on the level of access the transponder may have. The value, though, is not in balkanized living ecosystems but in the enhanced connectivity of these ecosystems in an enhanced way.

It may sound more like a subject matter in Philosophy 101 than for a technology blog, but think about it. And if we choose to believe this to be true, then we begin to imagine the real power of the connected person.

The connected person represents us as individuals that interact with human technologies and manufactured technologies across the spectrum. As our level of interaction and usage increases at an exponential pace, our dependencies on these technologies as a part of us strengthens, and we begin to see that we, as connected people, are integral to the concepts of connected homes, connected vehicles, connected cities and a connected world.

So why should I care about the connected person?
A great application for this concept is the transformation that is playing out in the healthcare industry. For example, consider the large focus on achieving, maintaining and monitoring wellness and the role of technology in these pursuits.

Think about how many of your friends you have seen on the train, in class, at work or even at parties wearing devices that measure their sleeping patterns, the number of steps they take each day and/or the calories they burn. These same devices immediately sync to the always-on mobile device, and, within a few minutes, they have a dashboard outlining a snapshot of their health.

This information, furthermore, can be shared not only with their healthcare professionals, but the user might also choose to easily, securely share their data with the greater world. Constant connectivity of information and actionable data streams result in the connected person receiving support and encouragement through online communities. Also, transmission of their data along with all of their meals for the week can be sent to their healthcare physician, who is able to triangulate this progress with recent symptoms to glean a more accurate and comprehensive assessment of the connected person’s wellness. In such ways, “e-health” allows for earlier detection, easier monitoring and new, at-home treatment options.

OK, so I now understand the connected person, but what does the IEEE Standards Association have to do with it and healthcare?
Connectivity in healthcare stands to substantially strengthen public health, and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is playing a major role in the interoperability of healthcare applications and devices with the IEEE 11073™ standards.

By measuring both activity levels and health stats, the goal of e-health is to allow these monitoring and independent living devices to work together to detect conditions sooner. Allowing personal health devices to securely exchange information among the device, patient and physician is the focus of the IEEE 11073™ standards.

Studies have shown a $30-billion loss in the United States alone due to lack of interoperability among medical devices. Standards-based e-health implementations not only help to address this financial deficit, but also help reduce the cost of healthcare overall. Medical devices leveraging the interoperability from these standards also allows hospitals and physicians to focus on creating the services that go along with these devices instead of worrying if they will work with the other technology they have in place. For example, imagine a refrigerator that dispenses medication when a person goes for a glass of water … no more forgetting medication.

This adaptation and convergence of our technology, our environments and ourselves epitomize the concept of the connected person, a symbiotic relationship with technology.

The IEEE-SA provides market-driven, open standards such as the IEEE 11073™ family and facilitates collaboration across key, interrelated areas of innovation to connect people and improve lives globally. Through the IEEE-SA, the world’s technologists tap into unmatched access to cross-disciplinary expertise across and beyond IEEE to work together to build the infrastructure, networking, generation, automation, operation and distribution necessary to enable the connected person. Furthermore, the IEEE-SA helps protect a connected person’s privacy and security through education and open interoperable standards that foster a trustworthy framework for connectivity.

Get connected … with IEEE
IEEE-SA will be at Health Datapalooza in Washington DC June 1-3, if you are attending we invite you to stop by our table for a conversation about e-health and the connected person.

Healthcare is just one facet of technology that is changing with the integration of electronic processes and communications, and the connected person spans much farther than just e-health applications. The IEEE-SA is interested in connecting with you to talk more about the concept.

Whether you are a technologist, manufacturer, consumer, educator, consultant or anyone else interested in e-health, augmented reality, the Internet of Things (IoT), the smart grid, smart cities, intelligent vehicles or other such innovations, we invite you to join the effort of developing and advancing the connected person. Visit our webpage or Facebook, follow us on Twitter, or connect with us on LinkedIn.

In addition, if the idea resonates with you, we invite you to show your creative side by submitting your own original artwork, picture or short video of your view of the connected person. Those submissions that we find the most intriguing, we will post on the Standards Insight Blog.


Alpesh Shah is Director of Global Business Strategy and Intelligence for the IEEE-SA. You can reach him via email at Alpesh.Shah@IEEE.Org or Twitter at @_AlpeshShah.

Bill Ash is the Strategic Technology Program Director for IEEE-SA. You can reach him at W.Ash@IEEE.org or @SA_BillAsh.